A unique key is a set of one or more than one fields/columns of a table that uniquely identify a record in a database table. You can say that it is little like primary key but it can accept only one null value and it cannot have duplicate values.
What is a unique key in SQL?
Unique key is a constraint that is used to uniquely identify a tuple in a table. Multiple unique keys can present in a table. NULL values are allowed in case of a unique key. These can also be used as foreign keys for another table.
How do I create a unique key in SQL Server?
To create a unique constraint
On the Table Designer menu, click Indexes/Keys. In the Indexes/Keys dialog box, click Add. In the grid under General, click Type and choose Unique Key from the drop-down list box to the right of the property, and then click Close.
How do you define a key in SQL?
An SQL key is either a single column (or attribute) or a group of columns that can uniquely identify rows (or tuples) in a table. SQL keys ensure that there are no rows with duplicate information. Not only that, but they also help in establishing a relationship between multiple tables in the database.
How do I find a unique key in a table?
A unique key is a group of one or more than one fields or columns of a table which uniquely identify database record. A unique key is the same as a primary key, but it can accept one null value for a table column. It also cannot contain identical values.
Can a unique key be NULL?
Primary key will not accept NULL values whereas Unique key can accept NULL values. A table can have only primary key whereas there can be multiple unique key on a table.
What is unique key example?
There may be several keys in any given table. For example, in a table of employees, both employee number and login name are individually unique. The enforcement of a key constraint (i.e. a uniqueness constraint) in a table is also a data integrity feature of the database.
Can unique key be a primary key?
A primary key must be unique. A unique key does not have to be the primary key – see candidate key. That is, there may be more than one combination of columns on a table that can uniquely identify a row – only one of these can be selected as the primary key. The others, though unique are candidate keys.
What is unique constraint violated?
A unique constraint violation occurs when an UPDATE or INSERT statement attempts to insert a record with a key that already exists in the table. Take a look at the package that is throwing the error.
How do you solve unique constraint violation?
There are a few solutions to the “ORA-00001 unique constraint violated” error:
- Change your SQL so that the unique constraint is not violated.
- Change the constraint to allow for duplicate values.
- Drop the constraint from the column.
- Disable the unique constraint.
Why primary key is used in SQL?
The PRIMARY KEY constraint uniquely identifies each record in a table. Primary keys must contain UNIQUE values, and cannot contain NULL values. A table can have only ONE primary key; and in the table, this primary key can consist of single or multiple columns (fields).
How we can find primary key?
The primary key consists of one or more columns whose data contained within are used to uniquely identify each row in the table. You can think of them as an address. If the rows in a table were mailboxes, then the primary key would be the listing of street addresses.
What is primary key short answer?
In the relational model of databases, a primary key is a specific choice of a minimal set of attributes (columns) that uniquely specify a tuple (row) in a relation (table). Informally, a primary key is “which attributes identify a record“, and in simple cases are simply a single attribute: a unique id.